QB Issue Resolution:

I fixed this issue.

To fix I did a complete uninstall of Quickbooks using the following link:

I then used a utility to uninstall all instances of .net framework from here:

After uninstalling both I restarted and did a fresh install of quickbooks which installed .net framework 4.0.
Quickbooks now allows me to open the sample company data

Resolution for Issue 'Quickbooks Premier 2015 Crashes when attempting to load company/sample on fresh install' available: Yes (Solved).
Source: Intuit Community forum.

Quickbooks Premier 2015 Crashes when attempting to load company/sample on fresh install: this issue or error code is a known issue in Quickbooks Online (QBO) and/or Quickbooks. Support for this issue is available either by self-service or paid support options. Experts are available to resolve your Quickbooks issue to ensure minimal downtime and continue running your business. First try to resolve the issue yourself by looking for a resolution described below. If it is a complex issue or you are unable to solve the issue, you may contact us by clicking here or by using other support options.

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